Hey panther, I know my post was really long. But there is a bit in there about the conventions of modern writing (and art) in which incorporating other texts, images, etc, in part or in whole, into one's work is part of the creation of a new art work. It is how meaning is created. So, T.S. Elliot writes a poem that is about the decay of modern culture. It is full of references to the classical poets, to the Bible. Then at the crucial moment, he cites next to one another a nursery rhyme, a colloquial phrase, another poet, a contemporary poet.
Can you give an example of Eliot (note the one 'l') citing another poet, or a contemporary poet, in one of his poems, word-for-word?
Sweet Thames, run softly till I end my song,
Sweet Thames, run softly, for I speak not loud or long.
But at my back in a cold blast I hear
The rattle of the bones, and chuckle spread from ear to ear.
A rat crept softly through the vegetation
Dragging its slimy belly on the bank
While I was fishing in the dull canal
Sweete Themmes! runne softly, till I end my Song. (from the Faerie Queen)
A crowd flowed over London Bridge, so many,
I had not thought death had undone so many.
Sighs, short and infrequent, were exhaled,
And each man fixed his eyes before his feet.
So long a train of people, that I should never have believed death had undone so many.
Here there was no plaint, that could be heard, except of sighs, which caused the eternal air to tremble.
'You! Hypocrite lecteur! - mon semblable, - mon frère!'
Baudelair, Les Fleurs du Mal:
Hypocrite reader! - my doppelganger - my brother!
And then there's Madison Cawein's Waste Land
from which Eliot probably took the most.
Ezra Pound was another one who did this a lot, he even used quotes from John Adams in his work.